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How to Solve | Learn Logical Reasoning Questions in Test | Quiz

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#1 Musa

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Posted 29 June 2014 - 12:09 PM

How to Solve | Learn Logical Reasoning Questions in Test | Quiz



• Logical Reasoning is a skill-based exercise that requires no outside knowledge of the content. Logical reasoning refers to the ability to identify, analyze, evaluate and construct complex reasoning.


• Every Logical Reasoning question begins with a stimulus: either a single paragraph or a dialogue between two speakers. Each stimulus presents an argument or a set of facts drawn from various sources, such as newspapers and magazines, academic journals, advertisements, and informal discourse. Regardless of whether the topic is art, medicine, or animals, remember that your knowledge of any particular content is not tested.

• GAT logical reasoning is a special kind of reading comprehension.

• Logical reasoning section of the test evaluate the understanding of how the test taker interlinks different ideas presented in a small passage and deduce results from the hidden assumptions on the basis of logic.

Common Question Types

• 1.Assumptions : Find the unstated assumption the author makes to go from the evidence provided to the conclusion reached.


• 2.Flaws :Determine the error the author makes in going from the evidence to the conclusion.


• 3.Strengthen :Identify information that can be added to the argument to make it more likely to be so; in other words, to make the assumption of the argument more probable.

• 4.Weaken :Identify information that can be added to the argument to make it less likely to be so; in other words, to make the assumption of the argument less probable.


• 5.Principle :Identify a general rule that governs or matches a specific situation.


• 6.Paradox :Provide an alternative explanation or factor to make sense of two facts that seem contradictory

• 7.Parallel Reasoning :Identify the choice that contains the same kind of reasoning as the stimulus.


• 8.Point at Issue :Identify the issue on which two speakers present differing opinions.


• 9.Analyze the argument :Explain how an author's argument is put together.


• 10.Application :Find the answer that must be true based on the information provided in the stimulus.

• 11.Main Point :Find application of whole passage/Key word. Determine the function of a given statement in the argument.


• 12.Inferences :Find the central claim presented in the author's argument.


Important METHODS for Answering


• Step 1: Identify the Question Type:-Read the question stem to identify the question type. Reading the question stem first lets you identify the question type and determine your task as you read the stimulus. It also allows you to read the stimulus actively by pulling specific information that will help you answer the question.


• Step 2:  Untangle the Stimulus:-Read the stimulus and examine it through the lens of the question type you identified in Step 1. In other words, as you read the stimulus, unpack it for the information you will need to answer the particular question.


• Step 3.Make a Prediction:-


• Now that you've analyzed the information from the question stem and stimulus, it's time to think critically about the answer. You don't need to use complete sentences or formal language.


• You just need enough to move to the next step and sort through the answers.You also have to be ready for an answer that is similar to, but not an exact replica of, your prediction. This step is very important and is the one you will be most likely to skip. Don't! It will feel awkward. In the beginning, but give it a chance. Once you practice it and get better, it will actually improve your speed and efficiency. Without this step, you are more likely to get distracted by wrong answers and waste time analyzing each answer and rechecking it against the stimulus.


• Step 4. Evaluate the Answer Choices:- • Review the answer choices and determine which one best matches your prediction. Most often, one answer will stand out for you. If not, eliminate wrong answers and consider the common wrong answer traps.


Now in Logical Reasoning Questions we are adding Three main categories, these three types are including here due to the GAT (Graduate Assessment Test) and NAT (National Aptitude Test) test.


1: Verbal Reasoning


2: Quantitative Reasoning


3: Analytical Reasoning

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