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How to Solve | Learn Analogies Reasoning Questions in Test | Quiz

Analogies Questions NTS NAT GAT Test Preparation

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#1 Musa

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    Musa
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Posted 03 July 2014 - 09:21 AM






 How to Solve | Learn Analogies Reasoning Questions in Test | Quiz

 

 

MEDICINE : ILLNESS ::

(A) law : anarchy
    hunger : thirst
    etiquette : discipline
    love : treason
    stimulant : sensitivity

This is a classic function/purpose bridge—the purpose of MEDICINE is to prevent or cure ILLNESS. Ask yourself the following questions:

Is the purpose of LAW to prevent or cure ANARCHY, or disorder? This works, so hold on to Choice (A).
Is the purpose of PRIDE to prevent ENVY? No, in fact there is no strong connection between these two words. Eliminate.
Is the purpose of COURTESY to prevent BEHAVIOR? No, so eliminate.
Is the purpose of LOVE to prevent TREASON? No, so eliminate.
Is the purpose of a STIMULANT to prevent SENSITIVITY? No, a STIMULANT increases SENSITIVITY. Eliminate.

You could have eliminated choices (B), © and (D) if you had to guess for this one. None of these word pairs have a strong, defining connection. The pair of words in the stem always have a strong connection between them, and so the correct answer must as well.



PALTRY : SIGNIFICANCE ::

    redundant : discussion
    austere : landscape
    opulent : wealth
    oblique : familiarity
(E) banal : originality


Something PALTRY lacks SIGNIFICANCE. You are looking for the answer choice with the same connection between the words, so go through the answer choices one by one.

When something is REDUNDANT, or no longer needed, does it lack DISCUSSION? No, this word pair has no strong connection. Eliminate.
When something is AUSTERE, or plain and undecorated, does it lack LANDSCAPE? No, so eliminate.
When something is OPULENT, or rich and luxurious, does it lack WEALTH? No, quite the opposite. Eliminate.
Does something OBLIQUE lack FAMILIARITY? An OBLIQUE thing is indirect, so it may lack clarity, but not FAMILIARITY. These two words are not strongly connected. Eliminate.
Does something BANAL lack ORIGINALITY? Well, if something is BANAL it is predictable, so yes. That pair has the same relation as the stem pair. The classic relation of lack has left only one possible answer, choice (E).

    
EXTORT : OBTAIN ::

    pilfer : steal
(B) plagiarize : borrow
    explode : ignite
    purify : strain
    consider : appeal


When you EXTORT something, you obtain it by force or threats. To EXTORT is to OBTAIN dishonestly. Now look for the answer choice with the same connection between the words:

To PILFER is to STEAL dishonestly? Well, now, this is a tricky one. PILFER, which is a synonym for STEAL, is certainly dishonest. But how can you STEAL dishonestly? You can't—stealing is always dishonest! So this answer doesn't work.
To PLAGIARIZE is to BORROW dishonestly? Yes, plagiarism is borrowing material from another writer without giving him or her acknowledgment. That would fit the description of borrowing dishonestly. Choice (B) looks good.
To EXPLODE is to IGNITE dishonestly? No, so eliminate.
To PURIFY is to STRAIN dishonestly? No. Eliminate.
To CONSIDER is to APPEAL dishonestly? No. That leaves us with Choice (B).


    
SODDEN : MOIST ::

    arid : harsh
    nostalgic : emotional
    wet : liquid
(D) maudlin : sentimental
    assertive : bold


Something SODDEN is very wet, so it is, by definition, extremely MOIST. This is a bridge of DEGREE. Similarly, something MAUDLIN is, by definition, extremely SENTIMENTAL.

Of the wrong answers: Something ARID, meaning too dry to support agriculture, may be HARSH, but it is not necessarily so to a strong degree. Something NOSTALGIC, or reminiscent of some past place or condition, may make one EMOTIONAL, but there is no strong bridge between the two words. Something WET has LIQUID on or in it, but it is not, by definition, extremely LIQUID. Wrong bridge. Someone who is ASSERTIVE, or aggressive, may be BOLD, but there's no degree relationship here.



    
MAVEN : EXPERTISE ::

    monarch : wisdom
    athlete : determination
    neophyte : honesty
    klutz : grace
(E) supplicant : humility


By definition, a MAVEN, meaning expert, has expertise. Likewise, a SUPPLICANT, or humble beggar, by definition has HUMILITY.

Of the wrong answers: A MONARCH may or may not have WISDOM, an ATHLETE may or may not have HUMILITY, and a NEOPHYTE, or beginner, may or may not have HONESTY. You could eliminate all of these weak bridges. A KLUTZ, or clumsy person, by definition lacks GRACE. This is a strong but wrong bridge.



    
EQUANIMITY : HARRIED ::

    celebrity : infamous
    erudition : urbane
© moderation : dissolute
    distinction : singular
    intuition : logical


Someone who is HARRIED, or stressed, by definition lacks EQUANIMITY, or serenity. Likewise, someone who is DISSOLUTE, meaning lacking moral restraint, by definition lacks MODERATION.

Someone with CELEBRITY, or fame, may or may not be INFAMOUS, or disreputable. Someone with ERUDITION, or book knowledge, may or may not be URBANE, or suave. Someone with INTUITION may or may not be LOGICAL. You could eliminate all of these weak bridges. Something SINGULAR, meaning exceptional, by definition has DISTINCTION. This is a strong but wrong bridge.



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The word "Help" actually refers to give something without expecting any cost or return. Everyone can do something for each other, even if one has nothing physical to give, he can share something, that is also a great help. Helping other is a priceless happiness that one can feel inside, which makes you fell alive and blessed.


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#2 sania250

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Posted 23 September 2014 - 07:23 AM




It is very easy.



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